March 26, 2021

Can Hamsters Eat Spinach? Risks, Benefits, And Feeding Guidelines

spinach for hamsters
Veterinarian Dr. Ivana Crnec, DVM
Published by Emma Hughes

Vet Approved

Spinach is one of those foods that people love, thanks to its versatility. You can make great salads, top sandwiches, and even blend the leaves in with your smoothies to give yourself a boost of nutrition.

But what about your little hamster? Can he or she enjoy a few tasty leaves every now and again? How much of it is OK, if any is allowed at all? What are the risks, and what should I do when serving this to my pet?

This article will be your definitive source on what's great about spinach for hamsters and what needs to be avoided. We will answer all your questions; read on for more.

Can Hamsters Eat Spinach?

Yes, hamsters can eat spinach. Spinach is a healthy treat that is full of nutrients like potassium, folate, magnesium, and vitamins C, A, K, and E. Still, it's important to follow feeding guidelines as spinach may also cause digestive upsets and diarrhea. Spinach also contains oxalates and iron, which should not be overfed to hamsters.

One of the tastiest and safest leafy green for hamsters is spinach
- Dr. Ivana Crnec, DVM

What is important to remember is that 90% of your hamster's diet should consist of a high-quality seed mix or hamster pellets. Only 10% of their daily food intake should comprise other foods like veggies, fruits, meats, or treats.

So yes, hamsters are allowed to eat spinach as a part of a balanced and complete diet. It is not toxic and can actually be a healthy snack for your hamster when fed to them in the correct serving sizes.

Can hamsters eat spinach leaves and stems? Yes, they can. Provided you wash them carefully and you serve them in the right quantity, your hamster can safely enjoy this crunchy snack. You will need to tear the leaves up also (more on that later).

Baby hamsters can enjoy a little spinach. Unlike other treats, they don't have to avoid spinach until adulthood. However, their digestive systems are still developing and growing, so you should serve it only in tiny amounts for safety purposes. This is a treat they can enjoy so long as their owner keeps it in strict moderation.

Hamsters, by and large, will love the taste of spinach. For all the good that spinach offers, you can go overboard with it, and this could lead to negative side effects. 

So spinach has many benefits, but there are some possible health problems you should be aware of before feeding. And, of course, in a minute, we will be talking about the suitable portion size and how often hamsters can eat spinach.

Health Benefits: Is Spinach Good for Hamsters?

So, what are the nutritional advantages that adding spinach to your hammy's diet will have? Let's have a look.

Full of Vitamins and Minerals

Spinach is just full of beneficial nutrients, and it's a very healthy green for your hammy nutritionwise. Let's go over a few of the healthful vitamins and minerals:

Vitamin C – Your hamster will have an easier time-fighting colds and infections when they have adequate Vitamin C. Spinach is a great way to help them get this nutrient that catalyzes iron absorption and helps them fight illness and disease.

Vitamin A – Provides your hamster a boost to their eye health, a boost to their skin health, and helps maintain a shiny coat. Hamsters have thicker fur than you might think, so this will help them stay warm and protected. On top of their good health, they will look their best, too.

Potassium – This mineral helps with cardiac health, and is great for blood pressure, too.

spinach leaves

Vitamin K – Bone growth is stimulated by Vitamin K. Help keep your ham's bones healthy by offering a reasonable serving of spinach.

Folate – Folate is great for regrowing DNA and other genetic material found in the body of the hamster.

These are just a few of the nutrients spinach contains as it is a very nutrient-rich veggie. The list can be continued with magnesium, iron, calcium, and vitamins B6, B9, and E, which all add to a healthy hamster diet.

A Low-Calorie Snack

Although there are plenty of vitamins and minerals in spinach, the calories are minimal. It's easy to obtain at most grocery stores and very simple to wash and prepare for your hamster.

If you want to offer your hamster something that is nutritious, healthy, and low in calories, then spinach is a great option.

Great for Digestive Health

Spinach is a great way to get fiber and folate. These greens also have a special type of sugar that promotes the growth of healthy gut bacteria. Your hamster could enjoy better digestive health thanks to their occasional spinach snack.

It Has Antioxidants

One aspect of spinach that is very beneficial is antioxidants. Lutein and zeaxanthin are two antioxidants found in spinach that help with eye health. They guard against UV damage, too.

Antioxidants, in general, protect the body from free radicals preventing cancer and the effects of aging.

You May Also Like: Best Hamster Foods - Vet-Approved Guide

Health Risks: Is Spinach Bad for Hamsters?

If you look at the health benefits, it looks like you should definitely be offering your hamster a daily serving. But what are the possible risks we mentioned before? We'll talk about those next.

Digestive Trouble and Diarrhea Can Arise

If your hamster eats too much spinach, it might develop an upset stomach, gas, bloating, and diarrhea. Make sure to start out offering your hamster buddy a small piece of the veg, and then watch them very closely for any signs of indigestion and diarrhea. If everything stays normal, you can offer them another piece later on.

Spinach mostly consists of water. As a result, it is great for helping your ham get a bit of extra water in his diet, but too much of it could lead to diarrhea. Your hamster then runs the risk of developing a wet tail or even becoming dehydrated as a result of it.

Remember that hamsters are small creatures. Even very small amounts may cause their delicate digestive system upsets, so you should always introduce new foods slowly, and any food should be fed in moderation as a part of a balanced diet.

Diarrhea can quickly lead to dehydration, which may even lead to death. If you notice your hamster has diarrhea, cut back on watery foods like vegetables and fruits. If your hamster also loses its appetite or seems lethargic, you should contact a vet to ensure the diarrhea is not wet tail and caused by a virus.

Iron Overload

Yes, there is such thing as too much iron. The hamster could become constipated or experience a rise in their blood pressure as a result. Iron overload is often marked by vomiting, stomach pain, and nausea. It can accumulate in the hamster's internal organs and could cause them to experience liver and brain damage.

Although iron is an important part of the hamster diet, too much of it can do more harm than good. Therefore, stick with the feeding guidelines to ensure your hammy's safety and wellbeing.

Oxalic acid

We tend to think of citrus fruits as having acid, but spinach has it, too. Oxalic acid, as a matter of fact.

Some pets, like guinea pigs, eat a lot of veggies. They are also very prone to too much oxalic acid leading to bladder stones, and therefore, spinach should be limited in their diet.

However, veggies and leafy greens are not the primary sources of nutrition for your hammy, so it's safer for them to eat spinach. Just remember that you should always exercise moderation. Too much of a good thing can be bad if you do not follow recommendations on portion sizes.

This leads us to what we're going to talk about next: How much spinach can you give your hammy and how often?

Feeding Guidelines: Spinach for Hamsters

How Much Spinach Can I Give My Hamster?

This is going to depend on the species of your little hamster. If you have a Syrian hamster, you can give them a leaf or two every other day.

Meanwhile, Dwarf species, such as the Winter White or the Chinese, must be given smaller amounts of spinach; we're talking one leaf about three times per week maximum.

How Often Can I Feed My Hamster Spinach?

This depends on the species. When dealing with the larger Syrians, you can offer them up to two leaves every other day.

When it comes to smaller hamsters like the Chinese Dwarf or the Winter White Dwarf, you should offer one leaf per day up to three times a week.

How to Prepare Spinach for Hamsters?

Most of the time, you will find spinach for sale in the salad section of your local grocery store. You should look for spinach that looks healthy and safe to eat. Baby spinach is also a hamster-friendly leafy green.

Owners should be careful in serving their hamster's spinach- moderation is key.

A good rule to follow is to ask yourself, "Would I eat this spinach or serve it to my family?" If the answer is no, then put it back. Spinach that is slimy or discolored should be avoided by humans and hamsters alike.

This veggie is usually sold in a bag and is ready to eat. However, it's best to be safe and wash the spinach yourself before you serve it to your hamster. Once you get it home, remove it from the bag and give it a rinse. Then you can put it into an airtight container and keep it in the fridge.

If you will serve your hamster that day, figure out how much they can eat by referring to the queries above. Then take the appropriate amount of leaves and be sure to tear or rip them up into small pieces. Baby spinach leaves can be torn into halves or quarters.

This makes it easier for your ham to enjoy. Be sure to tear them large enough that you can reach in and remove any uneaten pieces after feeding time is over. If there are any uneaten pieces of spinach left after an hour, remove them from the enclosure. This will prevent your hammy from eating spinach that has gone bad.

Spinach stalks are OK

These are good for your hamster to enjoy; you just have to be mindful about washing the stalks. They could have pesticides on them that might hurt your pet. Start them off with a half-inch of the plant and see how they go. If they don't like it, remove it; otherwise, you can offer them a piece again sometime.

Cooked spinach is fine too

You could offer plain, unseasoned spinach that has been cooked to your pet. The texture is easy to chew. As with anything, watch to ensure your pet likes it and remove it if they do not. Keep in mind that some nutrients get lost in the cooking process.

Read Also: Nutritious Hamster Treats - Vet Explains

Nutrition Facts

Per 100g of spinach, you get the following:

  • 23 calories
  • 0.3g fat
  • 0g Saturated fat
  • 0mg cholesterol
  • 70mg sodium
  • 3.8g carbs
  • 3g protein

Your hamster will also enjoy the following helpful vitamins and minerals:

  • Potassium
  • Calcium
  • Vitamin A
  • Vitamin C
  • Iron
  • Vitamin K
  • Folate
  • Magnesium
  • Vitamin E

As you can see, spinach is full of vitamins and minerals while being low in calories. It's a healthy choice of leafy greens for your hamster – but only when it's not served as a daily staple but as a small part of a diet that meets the hamsters' nutritional requirements.

Summing Up – Can Hamsters Have Spinach?

Yes, hamsters are free to enjoy a few pieces of spinach, a few times a week! Fresh veggies are OK to include in a hamster's diet. However, owners should be careful in serving their hamster's spinach- moderation is key. Hamsters cannot subsist on spinach or any other vegetable on their own.

They must have a diet that consists of vet-recommended pellets or seed mix and unlimited amounts of clean water. So long as you keep spinach as a special treat and serve the correct amount according to your ham's size and species, treat time will always be a good time.

Vet's Comment

When used adequately and moderately, leafy greens are the ideal treat choice for hamsters. One of the tastiest and safest leafy green for hamsters is spinach. Basically, there are three primary considerations when it comes to the safety of spinach for hamsters.

The first one is thorough washing. The second one is serving it in the form of torn pieces. The third and last is that spinach represents a treat that should be fed in small amounts and not too frequently.

As long as you follow these practices, your hamster can safely enjoy the yummy taste of spinach. Plus, it will benefit from the spinach’s health-boosting properties.

- Dr. Ivana Crnec, DVM

Ivana Crnec doctor of veterinary medicine

Vet-Approved by
Dr. Ivana Crnec

DVM

Ivana Crnec is a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine specialized in domestic carnivores. She graduated from the University Sv. Kliment Ohridski, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine in Bitola, Republic of Macedonia. Ivana is a certified canine nutritionist and also certified in HAACP food safety system implementation. She currently works as a veterinarian while completing her postgraduate studies. Her research has been published in international journals.

NOTE: Advice provided within this article by FeedingMyPet.com is not a substitute for veterinary advice. Please discuss your hamster's specific dietary needs (based on his breed, weight, age, and health status) with a veterinarian.

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